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Use 2D Background Images in MikuMikuDance

An MMD Feature Article by Winky on LearnMMD.com!I want to use 2D background images in MikuMikuDance. How do I use a photograph as a background image for my MMD pictures? Will a simple photo work as a background image?

Use 2D Background Images to make pictures and videos in MikuMikuDance!

Hello Everyone!

Today I will show you how to use background images to your advantage!
(Please note: This tutorial will apply mostly to picture making, but some of the methods and techniques that I use here can come in handy in your videos, too.)

First, select one of your own photos or browse DeviantArt or another website with good stock photos and find one you can use. (Remember to credit the person or group who makes the stock photos). Here I’m using a fence scene, taken from Moon_WillowStock on Deviant Art. I’ve edited it a tad bit ahead of time in GIMP, but this method will work well with an unedited photo, as well.

Use 2D Background Images in MikuMikuDance

Try to adjust you screen size as close as you can to the pictures dimensions. By going to View> Screen Size.

Move the coordinate axis down so that it is pretty level with the ground in you picture. Do this by adjusting the camera angle.

Image 2

Move around with your camera a bit and lower the view angle to about 25, so it matches up with the ground accurately.
Image 3

Load your model, pose her (or him) up, and move the camera around the 3D space to a position that makes sense. When working with a 2D background the camera will offer more help positioning a model than the model itself. HINT: Getting rid of the axis might help you with this step.

Image 4

Now, remember to register your camera. Then, add a diffusion effect. If you can’t get Diffusion 7 on your computer because of your graphics card, you can use Diffusion 6 which worked on my old computer just as well as Diffusion 7.
Image 5

If you want to leave the picture like that, that’s okay. If you don’t, crop it and sharpen it in GIMP or Photoshop.

Final result:
Image 6

Fem!America Model: Aoringo
Fence Background: Moon_WillowStock (DeviantArt)


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  1. miku miku
    June 7, 2019    

    سلام ببخشید من مدل رو میبرم داخل برنامه سفید میشه و اصلا رنگ نداره حتی پس زمینه رو هم که میبرم بی رنگه لطفا بگید چیکار کنم ؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟؟

    Google Translate- Reggie:
    Hi, I’m sorry, I’m taking the model. I’m white in the program and it’s not even the same. Even the background is going to be colorless. Please tell me what ????????

    • Reggie_Dentmore Reggie_Dentmore
      June 8, 2019    

      Hello! Sorry… That translation does not make sense to me. I will try to send you an email to see if I can help you.

  2. Darketernal Darketernal
    April 14, 2019    

    Dear MMD staff,

    I was wondering if it is possible to use multiple pictures, like in frame 0 you would have a picture of a park, and in frame 100 you would switch to a picture of a house, and in frame 200 you would switch to a picture of a mountain in the background.

    Is this possible or are we stuck to just 1 picture?

    • April 15, 2019    

      Using multiple pictures is not possible as such. You might use some workarounds, though. One option is to create several copies of the same video, each with its own background picture, then cut them to pieces and assemble as you like using Avidemux (or any other video editing software you’re comfortable with). Another is to create a background *video* consisting of those static frames. Perhaps it might be possible to use some MME effect to imitate backgrounds as well, but those experiments I did so far were not satisfactory (then again, having those two other options at hand, I wasn’t *very* insistent).

  3. shagisa shagisa
    April 2, 2016    

    Every time i am trying to add a video as background it sais “Cannot open AVI file”

    • April 2, 2016    

      MMD is very picky about the type of video it accepts. You can use Format Factory free software to recode the video into “AVI type 1”.

  4. xStarfirex xStarfirex
    July 12, 2015    

    How do you add pictures as a background in MMD? Specifically meaning what are the steps to put a 2-D picture in MMD?

    • KillerBeer KillerBeer
      July 13, 2015    

      Menu->Background(b)->Load background picture file(R)

  5. KillerBeer KillerBeer
    May 3, 2015    

    Omgkat: If it is a solid gray surface at the floor level, turn off “display ground shadow (S)”. Read here for more details: https://learnmmd.com/http:/learnmmd.com/adjust-the-shadows-in-mmd/

  6. Omgkat Omgkat
    May 2, 2015    

    Hi. I have used MMD for a couple of days now and whenever I try to load a stage or background there’s always a weird grey platform/floor that won’t go away! I’ve been trying to look on the internet, but it was to no avail. I have the latest version of MMD and have little or no issues on my computer. Thank you!

    • Reggie_Dentmore Reggie_Dentmore
      May 3, 2015    

      I believe that’s an easy one … Under the VIEW menu you want to uncheck Display Coordinate Axis(G).
      All good, yes? Have you seen our “Start Here” page for step-by=step MMD instructions? It might help you enjoy MMD. Please ask questions!

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